Unless otherwise stated, the objects shown are reproductions of the original state. If features such as color, object parts etc. were added by us, it is noted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

k-20150719__Haendlerin-Schuhe_0003Shoes (Sampula, leather and wool, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

Through the arid desert climate in Xinjiang the organic finds in the graves have received excellent. This also applies to these shoes in leather with short bootlegs, the front gathered in folds and originally belonged to a child. The bright vamp, deviating from the original, is painted with a pattern that is proofed by a leather bracer archery from Xinjiang.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 177 und 219.

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Shirt (Sampula, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

This piece illustrates how uniform the nomadic style of dress in the Scythian Steppes was: although the shirt was found in Xinjiang, it shows with its color-contrasting cuffs, centered sewn stripes on front and back and on the sleeve seams the same decor as pieces at the same time from various other regions of the steppe belt. We took the color design in green and red from the original, but due to our local climate we used linen instead of wool.

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Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 208 f.


Folding Coat (Subexi, wool, 5th – 3th century BC)

Folding coats are typical garments of the nomadic population of the steppe belt. We have borrowed the cut of this jacket from a fund from Subexi. Unlike to the monochrome crafted original we attached contrasting sleeves, as it is quite typical of the garments from Xinjiang.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 179.


Feltcap (Sampula, wool, colorants, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

Caps of this form have been found in various versions in several graves in Xinjiang. This crafted felt model is made of two parts and was fitted with a plain weave fabric as lining. Models with a locking mechanism in the kind of belts are known. The color design in red or yellow is archaeologically documented.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 212.


k-LederbeutelLeather bag (Loulan-Gu Cheng, Leder, 25 – 420 n. d. Z.)

The leather bag was probably made in Central Asia and found in a grave in Xinjiang. It is made of several parts of different colored leather and is a good example for the sophisticated leather processing, which was already known early in the Eurasian area.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 242 f.

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Threaded Cowries (Sampula, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

Cowries from the Indian Ocean tell about the brisk trade that prevailed in the Eurasian steppe belt. Besides the five cowries this bracelet consists in addition also of glass beads, one of which was originally wrapped in gold foil. On some shells remnants of an orange wool yarn were found, which is the reason why we used it for the reconstruction of a bracelet.

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Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 214 f.

 


Lacquer comb (Sampula, lacquer and wood, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

In addition to fabrics and colors also paint objects came as merchandise from China into the western regions. They were expensive prestige projects, which can be found down to the Black Sea. This lacquer comb found in a woman’s funeral was originally an import from the manufacturing centers in China and is a rarity in the tombs represent Xinjiang.

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Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 228.
Landschaftsverband Rheinland/LVR-LandesMuseum Bonn (Hg.): Die Krim. Goldene Insel im Schwarzen Meer, 102-151.

 


Wooden cup (Yanghai, wood and paint, 5th century BC)

This vessel is decorated with representations of geometrical patterns and different animals: framed in bands of triangles, which run along the top and bottom of the cup, two snarling beasts are facing. Arranged behind this are two ibexes, that look in the same direction. The cup was originally painted in different colors, whose remains have been preserved at the original. We have reconstructed it accordingly.

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Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 160 f.

 


Millet bread in a bag (Sampula, millet bread and leather, Han period 206 BC – 220 AD)

Not only textiles but also food offerings have survived excellent in the tombs of Xinjiang. The findings reflect besides meat and fruits the mainly central role of millet as aliment, which was probably cultivated by the resident population of the Tarim Basin. It is used for flour, pasta, crackers or bread, as it can be seen here.
The rolls were between 5 and 6.5 cm in diameter and stored in an elongated leather musette bag. We have post-baked the buns from coarsely ground millet.

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Die Brötchen waren zwischen 5 und 6,5 cm groß im Durchmesser und in einem länglichen Proviantbeutel aus Leder verstaut. Wir haben die Brötchen aus grob gemahlener Hirse nachgebacken.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 224 f.

 


k-20150721__Dolch-Takli_0001Dagger (Scythian Period)

Dagger sheaths with four lobes for attaching with a belt are widespread throughout the steppe belt from the beginning of the first millennium BC untill Late Antiquity. In the Scythian Period they were in use in the east of the steppe belt and can be found e.g. in the tombs of the Pazyryk Culture and Xinjiang. The dagger shown here is not based entirely on an archaeological find. The dagger sheath corresponds in shape to a copy from Pazyryk, also the thereon pattern.

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The technique of carved motifs is known from a dagger sheath from Xinjiang.

Literature:
Wieczorek, A. und C. Lind (Hg.): Ursprünge der Seidenstraße, 295.
Deutsches Archäologisches Institut u.a. (Hg.): Im Zeichen des Goldenen Greifen. Königsgräber der Skythen, 154.