EisprinzessinUnless otherwise stated, the objects shown are reproductions of the original state. If features such as color, object parts etc. were added by us, it is noted.
The source material for this presentation turned out to be very difficult, since most publications (particularly those of senior archaeologist Polos’mak that made the discovery of the “Ice Princess”) are in Russian. The English articles from the online accessible newspaper “Siberian Times” are recommended for an initial overview.


Schuhe Shoes

On her feet the “Ukok Princess” wore only some feltboots. To make the display usable, we therefore had to make shoes. Here we resorted as parallel fund on the grave of the man from Verch-Kal’džin 2, as the footwear of the Pazyryk Culture followed one hand a unified style and on the other hand made no distinction between men and women.

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Above the feltboots short shoes of mostly dark leather were worn. This had the typical shaped, narrow sole and vamp laid in folds. The shaftless shoes are fringed red at the opening.

Literature:
Molodin und Polos’mak: 2007: 147.


Ukok-Hemd Shirt

The shirt, in which the dead was buried, was made of Indian silk and had piping and borders in red. On the sides gusset were inserted in order to guarantee freedom of movement. Striking is the center-mounted piping, which must have originally covered a seam. Like the color emphasizing the shoulder seam refers also this component to the great similarities of the garments inside the nomadic catchment area along the steppe belt.
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The nomads of the Pazyryk culture contributed the typical Scythian “fashion”, although it has glaring stylistic peculiarities and differed from the other groups.

Literature:
Polos’mak 1997: 78.
Molodin und Polos’mak 2007: 142.
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 71.


Halsreif Choker

As almost all the jewelry the wife was also made of Choker of dead wood. Like the original, we use used stone pine and the hoop then gilded. The decor consists of eight intricately carved figures in the form of snow leopards.

It is believed that the lowest level of the cosmos through the Scythian Choker – Hades – is represented. He would, together with the extraordinary headgear of women form a closed system of symbols.

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Literature:
Molodin und Polos’mak 2007: 142f.
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 73.


Filzstrümpfe der Ukok-Prinzessin Stockings

The woman wore long stockings under the skirt, made of felt that reached above the knees. With this warm legwear they must have been well protected against the cold that prevails during the winter in the Altai.
The top of the stockings was decorated with felt applications in a tendril pattern. It is worth noting that the pattern does not occur in pairs, but seems to be at one of the two stockings upside-down.

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Literature:
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 96.


Perücke Wig

The wig is probably the most complex component in the facilities of the “Ukok Princess”. The young woman had a shaved head, on which she wore this 84 cm high construction. The core of the wig forms in the head region a clay-like, flexible mass that was originally colored black by admixing charred and crushed grains. Additionally felt was a cushioning and shaping element inside the structure.
The hair was also mounted in two layers and in different directions, so that a complex hairstyle with various pigtails could be created. Some parts of it were covered with gilded oblong wooden shells adorned with the decor of griffin-heads.
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In addition special attention should be paid to the rod-like, club-shaped attachment on the wig. It consists of a rod inside a fabric tube which is lined with felt. On each side seven small, wooden and gilded bird figures are attached with wings made of leather, which are crowned by a major figure at the top (that is, a total of 15 pieces). The transition between the high tower and the lower part of the wig forms a kind of gilded wooden pedestal, which expires towards the front in a ram-protome whose horns are made of leather. Behind it rises a further small bar with red beading cord, which runs parallel to the larger bar on its front. It is crowned by a gilded deer figure.
One interprets these fancy wig – as well as other pointed and sometimes very high headgear, which are known from other richly appointed nomads-graves – as a representation of the cosmological idea. Accordingly, the Scythian nomads considered the cosmos as tripartite: the top sphere of spirits, gods and demons was connoted with birds and griffins; the mean sphere of the humans was represented by ungulates and the lowest level, the world of the dead, were represented by predators and mythical creatures. This lowest level finds its expression in the prominent Choker oh the “Ukok Princess”.

Literature:
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 72-79.


Spiegeltasche Bag with Mirror

Near the body of the woman, a mirror was found. It was a formerly polished bronze plate, which had been inserted in a wooden frame with a handle. On the back of the gold leaf plated wooden frame a deer figure was carved.
Tucked was the mirror in a small bag made of red and beige-colored felt, which was sutured with horsehair. The unusually shaped bag has downwardly pointed stepped flab. Attached at the handle and the belt with a thread the mirror could always be quickly pulled out of the soft case.

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Literature:
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 66f.


Schminke+Quaste Liner (Vivianit) and tassel with stone beads

In grave of the dead the remains of Vivianit, a blue colorant, were found. Presumably it was used as a make-up. Since an iron object was found next to the colorant that is interpreted as kohl-liner, our actress has painted blue eyes. Another device for applying paint was the finding of a tassel made of horsehair, which was attached to a chain with stone beads.

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Literature:
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 67.


Ohrring Earring

A single golden earring was also found in the grave. Whether the lack of a second earring had a special reason, it concerned a special fashion, the other earring was not added for unknown reasons or simply not found, is so far unsettled.

Literature:
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 73.

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Rock Skirt and belt

The woman was wearing a – from today’s perspective – on long skirt, which was fixed just below the breast with a belt. It was manufactured of three different colored woolen cloth sheets in orange and yellow tones. Textile and dye were expensive imported goods (as madder and polish-cochineal, the latter came from Armenia). A similar skirt of comparable feature was found in the second Kurgan of Pazyryk. The banded structure is reminiscent of the skirts, which were typical of the Han time population of the Tarim Basin.

The skirt of the “Ice Princess” was formerly held by a red belt, which was manufactured in a complex weaving technique. At each end six tassels were attached.

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Literature:
Polos’mak 1997: 79.
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 62-66, 68.


Hose Trousers

In addition to the long feltstockings one wore knee-length pants, as it is also known from the Iron Age Tarim Basin. In Pazyryk these pants were made of wool and were part of the men’s costume.

Literature:
Polos’mak 1997: 79.
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 82-85.

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Mantel Coat

The coat was made of brown fur and had a border of darker fur along the lapel. Diamond-shaped leather applications that were originally covered with gold leaf were also attached there. We know their form from the very well preserved grave findings. Unfortunately we didn’t find more useful information about the coat which is the reason why we do not know, for example, the exact construction method. Here we focused on parallel findings from the Pazyryk culture and provided the coat with the typical “bib” on the back and very long sleeves.

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Literature:
Polos’mak 1997: 79.
Polos’mak und Barkova 2005: 64 und 43-61.